Obtaining a consensus on the G20 declaration was not an easy feat. Amitabh Kant, India’s G-20 leader, stated that it took almost 200 hours of non-stop negotiations to ensure he received stern communique from G15 leaders who were divided over Russia’ war on Ukraine. Congress MP Shashi Tharoor also expressed pride in India at this momentous occasion, hailing them from Dhaka.
India’s hard work, negotiations with China, Russia, and other Western countries, as well as strong support from Brazil, South Africa, Indonesia, helped New Delhi achieve consensus. According to reports, India circulated the final draft to G20 members on Friday night, stating that if they did not agree to it, then there would be no declaration.
Kant confirmed that the New Delhi Declaration was the outcome of several rounds of negotiations, and consensus was only achieved on Friday night.
The delegation, which included joint secretaries Eenam Gambhir and K Nagraj Naidu, held 300 bilateral meetings and shared 15 drafts on the Ukraine conflict to help bring about a consensus that was achieved on day one of the G20 Leaders Summit.
The most challenging aspect of the G20 was achieving agreement on the geopolitical paras (Russia-Ukraine.) This involved over 200 hours of non-stop negotiations, 300 bilateral meetings, and 15 drafts, according to Kant.
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Kant was commended by Congress MP Shashi Tharoor for engaging in aggressive negotiations.
Tharoor tweeted that India’s G20 Sherpa has reached a consensus on the Delhi Declaration.
According to Tharoor, India’s participation in G20 was a source of pride.
The role of Congress Member for Parliament, Shashi Tharoor.
According to sources cited by news PTI, India had succeeded in convincing China to endorse the Ukrainian conflict text after the European Union agreed to it.
The G20 nations reiterate their national stances on Ukraine and reject the idea of using military force to acquire territory.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced on the first day of the summit that the G20 leaders’ statement had been adopted with agreement, which was a major surprise, given both the Russia-China combination and the West had shown unwavering commitments to the Ukraine conflict.
The declaration was endorsed shortly after the Indian delegation shared a new text with the G20 states to address the Ukraine crisis in the draft leaders’ declaration, as part of an effort to resolve the impasse.
The paragraph on the “geopolitical situation” or the Ukraine crisis was left blank in a draft of the declaration prepared on Friday, which was approved by most G20 countries.
Negotiators from G20 states came to an agreement on 75 other paragraphs in the draft, which covered financing for climate transition, reform of multilateral development banks, and regulation of cryptocurrency.
PTI reported that French diplomatic sources have indicated that India has demonstrated strength and the ability to bring countries closer together. They also suggest that New Delhi is not well-equipped to negotiate, as it has taken into account all of the comments made by citizens and worked on a compromise proposal regarding the Ukraine conflict.
The consensus reached on the declaration was a significant achievement for India, according to anonymous European sources who spoke on condition of anonymity.
When questioned about the exclusion of the term “Russian aggression” on Ukraine from the declaration featured in the Bali G20 declaration, the sources stated that Western countries were satisfied with the overall results.
(With input from PTI)
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